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LUYS, Jules Bernard (1828–1897)

Les émotions chez les sujets en état d’hypnotisme. Études de psychologie expérimentale faites a l’aide de substances médicamenteuses ou toxiques.
Paris, J.-B. Baillière et Fils, 1887.

First edition. A second edition, ‘revue et augmentée’ was published in 1888. Thirty numbered copies were printed on ‘Papier de Hollande’. The above copy belongs to the ordinary edition, which, however, also must have been small due to the time-consuming work of mounting the 28 photographs (woodbury types) Jules Bernard Luys, chief of the service at the Salpetrière and the Charité, and later director of the Maison de Sante Esquirol at Ivry-sur-Seine, was “the first to note the degeneration of the anterior horn cells in progressive muscular atrophy” (GM 4737). He was an excellent draughtsman and made careful drawings of sections through all parts of the brain in his most important work, Recherches sur le systeme nerveux cerebro-spinal (1865) incl. the two structures that bear his name. Among his accomplishments was the effective use of photography as seen in his large volume Iconographie photographique des centres nerveux (1873). The major part of Luy’s career was spent in clinical work, especially in the study of insanity, hysteria and hypnotism. He was the founder of the Societé d’Hypnologie et de Psychologie, and wrote two books on hypnotism. One of these was Les emotions chez hypnotiques. In this field Luys allowed himself to be deluded by his patients; for instance, he was responsible for perpetuating the folly that patients may profit therapeutically from drugs placed at a distance from them. In the 28 photographs (by his son Georges Luys) we can study the two girls, Esther and Gabrielle, and their reactions in the hypnotic state when sniffing at various drugs, i.e. morphine, strychnine, tobacco, hashish, musc, cognac, essence of Curacao, roses, coffea, etc.

Collation: Pp 106. With seven plates with 28 mounted (four on each plate) photographs (photoglypties).

Binding: Contemporary black half calf.

References: Haymaker, The Founders of Neurology, pp 55-58; Pujade, R. & M. Sicard & D. Wallach, Á corps et á raison. Photographies médicales 1840-1920 (1995), pp 105-06 and two plates, pp 66-67.

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