Presentation copy. Gustaf Retzius’ autograph signature on front fly leaf, followed by ”don. aut.”. Inscribed by Mantegazza on title page: ”All’ illustre istologo ed etnologo svedese Il Prof. Gustavo Retzius ricordo d’amicizia degli autori”. Signed also by S. Sommier. The book was printed in 100 copies. Mantegazza’s Un viaggio in Lapponia coll’amico Stephen Sommier was published in 1881 dealing with their voyage in Norway: Christiania, Røros (where they visited Sami at Øjungen), Trondhjem, Alta, Hammerfest, Kautokeino, and Tromsø. At the same time this anthropological atlas was published with tipped-in original photographs (”uten noen som helst retusjering”). Most of them are portraits of Sami, often seen both in front and profile, one picture with a group at a Sami wedding party in Bossekop, plates XXXIV and XXXV have four photographs of naked Sami, and pl. XXXVI -XLI are showing four photographs on each plate with skulls found at Kautokeino. In Svenska Turistföreningens årsskrift, 1891, pp 21-23, Hugo Samzelius tells that Sommier was digging for skeletons and skulls from old cemetries in Lapland. Another anthropological private print was Prince Roland Bonaparte’s Note on the Lapps of Finmark (1886), dealing with the measurement of 200 Sami ”during a recent tour of three months in Scandinavia.” Mantegazza, a famous Italian physiologist and anthropologist, travelled extensively in Europe, India and America and practiced as a doctor in the Argentine Republic and Paraguay. Returning to Italy in 1858 he was appointed surgeon at Milan Hospital and professor of general pathology at Pavia. In 1870 he was nominated professor of anthropology at the Instituto di Studii Superiori, Florence. Here he founded the first Museum of Anthropology and Ethnology in Italy and later the Italian Anthropological Society. He published a great number of books, both popular and scientific. Among them Fisiologia dell’amore, Fisiologia della donna, and Fisiologia del dolore. He conducted a series of experiments in which he subjected frog sperm to low temperatures to determine its viability. From the data he compiled he was able to conclude that it should be possible to preserve sperm by this method; and went on to speculate on the feasibility of artificial insemination, writing that it might be a practice applicable to man. He also made experiments designed to demonstrate that tuberculosis is contagious, and was the first to show that bacteria reproduce by means of spores. Collation: Pp 50. With 41 plates numbered I-XLI with 93 tipped-in photographs, 69 with portraits of Saami and 24 with crania. Binding: Original purple cloth (sun-bleached spine) with gilt title on front cover. Provenance: Gustaf Retzius’s autograph signature on front fly leaf, followed by ”don. aut.”. Presentation copy inscribed by Mantegazza on title: ”All’ illustre istologo ed etnologo svedese Il Prof. Gustavo Retzius ricordo d’amicizia degli autori”. Signed also by S Sommier. References: Schiötz, Itineraria Norwegica: Utlendingers reiser i Norge, 648; Bring was unable to find a copy (see note in Bring, Itineria Svecana, 1204); DSB, IX, pp 85-86.Morten Hansen, Utenlandske Privattrykk om Reiser i Norge, Oslo, 1956, pp 53-54.